Xcos setup: fix an IndexOutOfBoundsException after 22ee913d
[scilab.git] / scilab / modules / graphics / help / ru_RU / Graphics.xml
1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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16 <refentry xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:db="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:scilab="http://www.scilab.org"  xml:lang="ru" xml:id="Graphics">
17     <refnamediv>
18         <refname>Графики: введение</refname>
19         <refpurpose>обзор библиотеки графиков</refpurpose>
20     </refnamediv>
21     <refsection>
22         <title>2d plotting</title>
23         <variablelist>
24             <varlistentry>
25                 <term>
26                     <link linkend="plot2d">plot2d</link>
27                 </term>
28                 <listitem>
29                     <para>Построение кривой</para>
30                     <para>
31                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
32                     </para>
33                     <para>
34                         <scilab:image>plot2d();</scilab:image>
35                     </para>
36                 </listitem>
37             </varlistentry>
38             <varlistentry>
39                 <term>
40                     <link linkend="plot2d2">plot2d2</link>
41                 </term>
42                 <listitem>
43                     <para>Построение кривой в виде ступенчатой функции</para>
44                     <para>
45                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
46                     </para>
47                     <para>
48                         <scilab:image>plot2d2();</scilab:image>
49                     </para>
50                 </listitem>
51             </varlistentry>
52             <varlistentry>
53                 <term>
54                     <link linkend="plot2d3">plot2d3</link>
55                 </term>
56                 <listitem>
57                     <para>Построение кривой в виде вертикальных полос</para>
58                     <para>
59                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
60                     </para>
61                     <para>
62                         <scilab:image>plot2d3();</scilab:image>
63                     </para>
64                 </listitem>
65             </varlistentry>
66             <varlistentry>
67                 <term>
68                     <link linkend="plot2d4">plot2d4</link>
69                 </term>
70                 <listitem>
71                     <para>Построение кривой со стрелками</para>
72                     <para>
73                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
74                     </para>
75                     <para>
76                         <scilab:image>plot2d4();</scilab:image>
77                     </para>
78                 </listitem>
79             </varlistentry>
80             <varlistentry>
81                 <term>
82                     <link linkend="fplot2d">fplot2d</link>
83                 </term>
84                 <listitem>
85                     <para>Построение кривой, определяемой функцией</para>
86                     <para>
87                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
88                     </para>
89                     <para>
90                         <scilab:image>fplot2d();</scilab:image>
91                     </para>
92                 </listitem>
93             </varlistentry>
94             <varlistentry>
95                 <term>
96                     <link linkend="champ">champ</link>
97                 </term>
98                 <listitem>
99                     <para>Двумерное векторное поле</para>
100                     <para>
101                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
102                     </para>
103                     <para>
104                         <scilab:image>champ();</scilab:image>
105                     </para>
106                 </listitem>
107             </varlistentry>
108             <varlistentry>
109                 <term>
110                     <link linkend="champ1">champ1</link>
111                 </term>
112                 <listitem>
113                     <para>Двумерное векторное поле с цветными стрелками</para>
114                     <para>
115                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
116                     </para>
117                     <para>
118                         <scilab:image>champ1();</scilab:image>
119                     </para>
120                 </listitem>
121             </varlistentry>
122             <varlistentry>
123                 <term>
124                     <link linkend="fchamp">fchamp</link>
125                 </term>
126                 <listitem>
127                     <para>
128                         Поле направлений двумерного ОДУ первого порядка
129                     </para>
130                     <para>
131                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
132                     </para>
133                     <para>
134                         <scilab:image>fchamp();</scilab:image>
135                     </para>
136                 </listitem>
137             </varlistentry>
138             <varlistentry>
139                 <term>
140                     <link linkend="contour2d">contour2d</link>
141                 </term>
142                 <listitem>
143                     <para>
144                         Кривые уровней поверхности на двумерном графике
145                     </para>
146                 </listitem>
147             </varlistentry>
148             <varlistentry>
149                 <term>
150                     <link linkend="fcontour2d">fcontour2d</link>
151                 </term>
152                 <listitem>
153                     <para>
154                         Кривые уровней поверхности, определённой функцией, на
155                         двумерном графике.
156                     </para>
157                     <para>
158                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
159                     </para>
160                     <para>
161                         <scilab:image>fcontour2d();</scilab:image>
162                     </para>
163                 </listitem>
164             </varlistentry>
165             <varlistentry>
166                 <term>
167                     <link linkend="grayplot">grayplot</link>
168                 </term>
169                 <listitem>
170                     <para>
171                         Двумерное построение поверхности с помощью цветов
172                     </para>
173                     <para>
174                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
175                     </para>
176                     <para>
177                         <scilab:image>grayplot();</scilab:image>
178                     </para>
179                 </listitem>
180             </varlistentry>
181             <varlistentry>
182                 <term>
183                     <link linkend="fgrayplot">fgrayplot</link>
184                 </term>
185                 <listitem>
186                     <para>
187                         Двумерное построение поверхности, определённой функцией, с помощью цветов
188                     </para>
189                     <para>
190                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
191                     </para>
192                     <para>
193                         <scilab:image>fgrayplot();</scilab:image>
194                     </para>
195                 </listitem>
196             </varlistentry>
197             <varlistentry>
198                 <term>
199                     <link linkend="Sgrayplot">Sgrayplot</link>
200                 </term>
201                 <listitem>
202                     <para>
203                         Гладкое двумерное построение поверхности с помощью цветов
204                     </para>
205                     <para>
206                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
207                     </para>
208                     <para>
209                         <scilab:image>Sgrayplot();</scilab:image>
210                     </para>
211                 </listitem>
212             </varlistentry>
213             <varlistentry>
214                 <term>
215                     <link linkend="Sfgrayplot">Sfgrayplot</link>
216                 </term>
217                 <listitem>
218                     <para>
219                         Гладкое двумерное построение поверхности, определённой
220                         функцией, с помощью цветов
221                     </para>
222                     <para>
223                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
224                     </para>
225                     <para>
226                         <scilab:image>Sfgrayplot();</scilab:image>
227                     </para>
228                 </listitem>
229             </varlistentry>
230             <varlistentry>
231                 <term>
232                     <link linkend="xgrid">xgrid</link>
233                 </term>
234                 <listitem>
235                     <para>Добавление сетки на двумерный график</para>
236                     <para>
237                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
238                     </para>
239                     <para>
240                         <scilab:image>x=[0:0.1:2*%pi]'; plot2d(sin(x));xgrid(5)</scilab:image>
241                     </para>
242                 </listitem>
243             </varlistentry>
244             <varlistentry>
245                 <term>
246                     <link linkend="errbar">errbar</link>
247                 </term>
248                 <listitem>
249                     <para>Добавление на двумерный график вертикальных полос погрешности</para>
250                     <para>
251                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
252                     </para>
253                     <para>
254                         <scilab:image>errbar();</scilab:image>
255                     </para>
256                 </listitem>
257             </varlistentry>
258             <varlistentry>
259                 <term>
260                     <link linkend="histplot">histplot</link>
261                 </term>
262                 <listitem>
263                     <para>Построение гистограммы</para>
264                     <para>
265                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
266                     </para>
267                     <para>
268                         <scilab:image>histplot();</scilab:image>
269                     </para>
270                 </listitem>
271             </varlistentry>
272             <varlistentry>
273                 <term>
274                     <link linkend="Matplot">Matplot</link>
275                 </term>
276                 <listitem>
277                     <para>Двумерное построение матрицы с помощью цветов</para>
278                     <para>
279                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
280                     </para>
281                     <para>
282                         <scilab:image>Matplot();</scilab:image>
283                     </para>
284                 </listitem>
285             </varlistentry>
286         </variablelist>
287     </refsection>
288     <refsection>
289         <title>3d plotting</title>
290         <variablelist>
291             <varlistentry>
292                 <term>
293                     <link linkend="plot3d">plot3d</link>
294                 </term>
295                 <listitem>
296                     <para>Построение поверхности</para>
297                     <para>
298                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
299                     </para>
300                     <para>
301                         <scilab:image>plot3d();</scilab:image>
302                     </para>
303                 </listitem>
304             </varlistentry>
305             <varlistentry>
306                 <term>
307                     <link linkend="plot3d1">plot3d1</link>
308                 </term>
309                 <listitem>
310                     <para>
311                         Построение поверхности с серыми или цветными линиями уровня
312                     </para>
313                     <para>
314                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
315                     </para>
316                     <para>
317                         <scilab:image>plot3d1();</scilab:image>
318                     </para>
319                 </listitem>
320             </varlistentry>
321             <varlistentry>
322                 <term>
323                     <link linkend="fplot3d">fplot3d</link>
324                 </term>
325                 <listitem>
326                     <para>Построение поверхности, определённой функцией</para>
327                     <para>
328                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
329                     </para>
330                     <para>
331                         <scilab:image>fplot3d();</scilab:image>
332                     </para>
333                 </listitem>
334             </varlistentry>
335             <varlistentry>
336                 <term>
337                     <link linkend="fplot3d1">fplot3d1</link>
338                 </term>
339                 <listitem>
340                     <para>
341                         Построение поверхности, определённой функцией, с серыми
342                         или цветными линиями уровня
343                     </para>
344                     <para>
345                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
346                     </para>
347                     <para>
348                         <scilab:image>fplot3d1();</scilab:image>
349                     </para>
350                 </listitem>
351             </varlistentry>
352             <varlistentry>
353                 <term>
354                     <link linkend="param3d">param3d</link>
355                 </term>
356                 <listitem>
357                     <para>Построение одной кривой</para>
358                     <para>
359                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
360                     </para>
361                     <para>
362                         <scilab:image>param3d();</scilab:image>
363                     </para>
364                 </listitem>
365             </varlistentry>
366             <varlistentry>
367                 <term>
368                     <link linkend="param3d1">param3d1</link>
369                 </term>
370                 <listitem>
371                     <para>Построение кривых</para>
372                     <para>
373                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
374                     </para>
375                     <para>
376                         <scilab:image>param3d1();</scilab:image>
377                     </para>
378                 </listitem>
379             </varlistentry>
380             <varlistentry>
381                 <term>
382                     <link linkend="contour">contour</link>
383                 </term>
384                 <listitem>
385                     <para>Кривые уровней на трёхмерной поверхности</para>
386                     <para>
387                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
388                     </para>
389                     <para>
390                         <scilab:image>contour();</scilab:image>
391                     </para>
392                 </listitem>
393             </varlistentry>
394             <varlistentry>
395                 <term>
396                     <link linkend="fcontour">fcontour</link>
397                 </term>
398                 <listitem>
399                     <para>
400                         Кривые уровней на трёхмерной поверхности, определённой функцией
401                     </para>
402                     <para>
403                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
404                     </para>
405                     <para>
406                         <scilab:image>fcontour();</scilab:image>
407                     </para>
408                 </listitem>
409             </varlistentry>
410             <varlistentry>
411                 <term>
412                     <link linkend="hist3d">hist3d</link>
413                 </term>
414                 <listitem>
415                     <para>
416                         Трёхмерное представление гистограммы
417                     </para>
418                     <para>
419                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
420                     </para>
421                     <para>
422                         <scilab:image>hist3d();</scilab:image>
423                     </para>
424                 </listitem>
425             </varlistentry>
426             <varlistentry>
427                 <term>
428                     <link linkend="genfac3d">genfac3d</link>
429                 </term>
430                 <listitem>
431                     <para>Вычисление фацетов трёхмерной поверхности</para>
432                     <para>
433                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
434                     </para>
435                     <para>
436                         <scilab:image>genfac3d();</scilab:image>
437                     </para>
438                 </listitem>
439             </varlistentry>
440             <varlistentry>
441                 <term>
442                     <link linkend="eval3dp">eval3dp</link>
443                 </term>
444                 <listitem>
445                     <para>Вычисление фацетов трёхмерной поверхности</para>
446                     <para>
447                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
448                     </para>
449                     <para>
450                         <scilab:image>p1=linspace(0,2*%pi,10);
451                             p2=linspace(0,2*%pi,10);
452                             deff("[x,y,z]=scp(p1,p2)",["x=p1.*sin(p1).*cos(p2)";..
453                             "y=p1.*cos(p1).*cos(p2)";..
454                             "z=p1.*sin(p2)"])
455                             [Xf,Yf,Zf]=eval3dp(scp,p1,p2);
456                             plot3d(Xf,Yf,Zf)
457                         </scilab:image>
458                     </para>
459                 </listitem>
460             </varlistentry>
461             <varlistentry>
462                 <term>
463                     <link linkend="geom3d">geom3d</link>
464                 </term>
465                 <listitem>
466                     <para>
467                         Проекция из трёхмерного построения на двумерное после того, как трёхмерное построено
468                     </para>
469                     <para>
470                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
471                     </para>
472                     <para>
473                         <scilab:image>deff("[z]=surface(x,y)","z=sin(x)*cos(y)")
474                             t=%pi*(-10:10)/10;
475                             // 3D plot of the surface
476                             fplot3d(t,t,surface,35,45,"X@Y@Z")
477                             // now (t,t,sin(t).*cos(t)) is a curve on the surface
478                             // which can be drawn using geom3d and xpoly
479                             [x,y]=geom3d(%pi/2,0,surface(%pi/2,0))
480                         </scilab:image>
481                     </para>
482                 </listitem>
483             </varlistentry>
484         </variablelist>
485     </refsection>
486     <refsection>
487         <title>Построение линии и многоугольника</title>
488         <variablelist>
489             <varlistentry>
490                 <term>
491                     <link linkend="xpoly">xpoly</link>
492                 </term>
493                 <listitem>
494                     <para>Рисование ломаной линии или многоугольника</para>
495                 </listitem>
496             </varlistentry>
497             <varlistentry>
498                 <term>
499                     <link linkend="xpolys">xpolys</link>
500                 </term>
501                 <listitem>
502                     <para>
503                         Рисование набора ломаных линий или многоугольников
504                     </para>
505                 </listitem>
506             </varlistentry>
507             <varlistentry>
508                 <term>
509                     <link linkend="xrpoly">xrpoly</link>
510                 </term>
511                 <listitem>
512                     <para>Рисование правильного многоугольника</para>
513                 </listitem>
514             </varlistentry>
515             <varlistentry>
516                 <term>
517                     <link linkend="xsegs">xsegs</link>
518                 </term>
519                 <listitem>
520                     <para>Рисование несоединённых сегментов</para>
521                 </listitem>
522             </varlistentry>
523             <varlistentry>
524                 <term>
525                     <link linkend="xfpoly">xfpoly</link>
526                 </term>
527                 <listitem>
528                     <para>Заливка многоугольника</para>
529                 </listitem>
530             </varlistentry>
531             <varlistentry>
532                 <term>
533                     <link linkend="xfpolys">xfpolys</link>
534                 </term>
535                 <listitem>
536                     <para>Заливка набора многоугольников</para>
537                 </listitem>
538             </varlistentry>
539         </variablelist>
540     </refsection>
541     <refsection>
542         <title>Rectangle plotting</title>
543         <variablelist>
544             <varlistentry>
545                 <term>
546                     <link linkend="xrect">xrect</link>
547                 </term>
548                 <listitem>
549                     <para>Рисование прямоугольника</para>
550                 </listitem>
551             </varlistentry>
552             <varlistentry>
553                 <term>
554                     <link linkend="xfrect">xfrect</link>
555                 </term>
556                 <listitem>
557                     <para>Заливка прямоугольника</para>
558                 </listitem>
559             </varlistentry>
560             <varlistentry>
561                 <term>
562                     <link linkend="xrects">xrects</link>
563                 </term>
564                 <listitem>
565                     <para>Рисование или заливка набора прямоугольников</para>
566                 </listitem>
567             </varlistentry>
568         </variablelist>
569     </refsection>
570     <refsection>
571         <title>Arc plotting</title>
572         <variablelist>
573             <varlistentry>
574                 <term>
575                     <link linkend="xarc">xarc</link>
576                 </term>
577                 <listitem>
578                     <para>Рисование части эллипса</para>
579                 </listitem>
580             </varlistentry>
581             <varlistentry>
582                 <term>
583                     <link linkend="xarcs">xarcs</link>
584                 </term>
585                 <listitem>
586                     <para>Рисование частей набора эллипсов</para>
587                 </listitem>
588             </varlistentry>
589             <varlistentry>
590                 <term>
591                     <link linkend="xfarc">xfarc</link>
592                 </term>
593                 <listitem>
594                     <para>Заливка части эллипса</para>
595                 </listitem>
596             </varlistentry>
597             <varlistentry>
598                 <term>
599                     <link linkend="xfarcs">xfarcs</link>
600                 </term>
601                 <listitem>
602                     <para>Заливка частей набора эллипсов</para>
603                 </listitem>
604             </varlistentry>
605         </variablelist>
606     </refsection>
607     <refsection>
608         <title>Построение стрелок</title>
609         <variablelist>
610             <varlistentry>
611                 <term>
612                     <link linkend="xarrows">xarrows</link>
613                 </term>
614                 <listitem>
615                     <para>Рисование набора стрелок</para>
616                 </listitem>
617             </varlistentry>
618         </variablelist>
619     </refsection>
620     <refsection>
621         <title>Строки</title>
622         <variablelist>
623             <varlistentry>
624                 <term>
625                     <link linkend="xstring">xstring</link>
626                 </term>
627                 <listitem>
628                     <para>Рисование строк</para>
629                 </listitem>
630             </varlistentry>
631             <varlistentry>
632                 <term>
633                     <link linkend="xstringl">xstringl</link>
634                 </term>
635                 <listitem>
636                     <para>Вычисление рамки, которая окружает строки</para>
637                 </listitem>
638             </varlistentry>
639             <varlistentry>
640                 <term>
641                     <link linkend="xstringb">xstringb</link>
642                 </term>
643                 <listitem>
644                     <para>Рисование строк в рамке</para>
645                     <para>
646                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
647                     </para>
648                     <para>
649                         <scilab:image>xstringb();</scilab:image>
650                     </para>
651                 </listitem>
652             </varlistentry>
653             <varlistentry>
654                 <term>
655                     <link linkend="xtitle">xtitle</link>
656                 </term>
657                 <listitem>
658                     <para>Добавление заголовков в графическое окно</para>
659                     <para>
660                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
661                     </para>
662                     <para>
663                         <scilab:image>xtitle();</scilab:image>
664                     </para>
665                 </listitem>
666             </varlistentry>
667             <varlistentry>
668                 <term>
669                     <link linkend="titlepage">titlepage</link>
670                 </term>
671                 <listitem>
672                     <para>
673                         Добавление заголовка в центр графического окна
674                     </para>
675                 </listitem>
676             </varlistentry>
677             <varlistentry>
678                 <term>
679                     <link linkend="xinfo">xinfo</link>
680                 </term>
681                 <listitem>
682                     <para>
683                         Рисование информационной строки в подокне сообщений
684                     </para>
685                 </listitem>
686             </varlistentry>
687         </variablelist>
688     </refsection>
689     <refsection>
690         <title>Рамки и оси</title>
691         <variablelist>
692             <varlistentry>
693                 <term>
694                     <link linkend="drawaxis">drawaxis</link>
695                 </term>
696                 <listitem>
697                     <para>Рисование осей</para>
698                 </listitem>
699             </varlistentry>
700             <varlistentry>
701                 <term>
702                     <link linkend="graduate">graduate</link>
703                 </term>
704                 <listitem>
705                     <para>Структурная градуировка оси</para>
706                 </listitem>
707             </varlistentry>
708             <varlistentry>
709                 <term>
710                     <link linkend="plotframe">plotframe</link>
711                 </term>
712                 <listitem>
713                     <para>
714                         Рисование рамки с масштабированием и сетками
715                         <warning>
716                             Эта функция устарела.
717                         </warning>
718                     </para>
719                 </listitem>
720             </varlistentry>
721         </variablelist>
722     </refsection>
723     <refsection>
724         <title>Преобразования координат</title>
725         <variablelist>
726             <varlistentry>
727                 <term>
728                     <link linkend="isoview">isoview</link>
729                 </term>
730                 <listitem>
731                     <para>
732                         Установка равного масштаба осей графика (не меняет размер окна)
733                         <warning>
734                             Эта функция устарела.
735                         </warning>
736                     </para>
737                 </listitem>
738             </varlistentry>
739             <varlistentry>
740                 <term>
741                     <link linkend="square">square</link>
742                 </term>
743                 <listitem>
744                     <para>
745                         Установка равного масштаба осей графика (меняет размер окна)
746                     </para>
747                 </listitem>
748             </varlistentry>
749             <varlistentry>
750                 <term>
751                     <link linkend="scaling">scaling</link>
752                 </term>
753                 <listitem>
754                     <para>Аффинное преобразование набора точек</para>
755                 </listitem>
756             </varlistentry>
757             <varlistentry>
758                 <term>
759                     <link linkend="rotate">rotate</link>
760                 </term>
761                 <listitem>
762                     <para>Поворот набора точек</para>
763                 </listitem>
764             </varlistentry>
765             <varlistentry>
766                 <term>
767                     <link linkend="xsetech">xsetech</link>
768                 </term>
769                 <listitem>
770                     <para>
771                         Установка подокна в графическом окне для построения графика
772                     </para>
773                 </listitem>
774             </varlistentry>
775             <varlistentry>
776                 <term>
777                     <link linkend="subplot">subplot</link>
778                 </term>
779                 <listitem>
780                     <para>
781                         Деление графического окна на матрицу подокон
782                     </para>
783                 </listitem>
784             </varlistentry>
785             <varlistentry>
786                 <term>
787                     <link linkend="xgetech">xgetech</link>
788                 </term>
789                 <listitem>
790                     <para>Получение масштаба текущего графика</para>
791                 </listitem>
792             </varlistentry>
793             <varlistentry>
794                 <term>
795                     <link linkend="xchange">xchange</link>
796                 </term>
797                 <listitem>
798                     <para>
799                         Преобразование вещественных координат в пиксельные
800                     </para>
801                 </listitem>
802             </varlistentry>
803         </variablelist>
804     </refsection>
805     <refsection>
806         <title>Цвета</title>
807         <variablelist>
808             <varlistentry>
809                 <term>
810                     <link linkend="colormap">colormap</link>
811                 </term>
812                 <listitem>
813                     <para>Использование цветовых карт</para>
814                 </listitem>
815             </varlistentry>
816             <varlistentry>
817                 <term>
818                     <link linkend="getcolor">getcolor</link>
819                 </term>
820                 <listitem>
821                     <para>
822                         Диалог выбора цветов в текущей цветовой карте
823                     </para>
824                 </listitem>
825             </varlistentry>
826             <varlistentry>
827                 <term>
828                     <link linkend="addcolor">addcolor</link>
829                 </term>
830                 <listitem>
831                     <para>
832                         Добавление новых цветов в текущую цветовую карту
833                     </para>
834                 </listitem>
835             </varlistentry>
836             <varlistentry>
837                 <term>
838                     <link linkend="graycolormap">graycolormap</link>
839                 </term>
840                 <listitem>
841                     <para>Линейная серая цветовая карта</para>
842                 </listitem>
843             </varlistentry>
844             <varlistentry>
845                 <term>
846                     <link linkend="hotcolormap">hotcolormap</link>
847                 </term>
848                 <listitem>
849                     <para>Цветовая карта от красного до жёлтого</para>
850                 </listitem>
851             </varlistentry>
852         </variablelist>
853     </refsection>
854     <refsection>
855         <title>Графическое окружение</title>
856         <variablelist>
857             <varlistentry>
858                 <term>
859                     <link linkend="xset">xset</link>
860                 </term>
861                 <listitem>
862                     <para>
863                         Установка значений графического окружения
864                         <warning>
865                             Эта функция устарела.
866                         </warning>
867                     </para>
868                 </listitem>
869             </varlistentry>
870             <varlistentry>
871                 <term>
872                     <link linkend="xget">xget</link>
873                 </term>
874                 <listitem>
875                     <para>
876                         Получение текущих значений графического окружения
877                         <warning>
878                             Эта функция устарела.
879                         </warning>
880                     </para>
881                 </listitem>
882             </varlistentry>
883             <varlistentry>
884                 <term>
885                     <link linkend="xlfont">xlfont</link>
886                 </term>
887                 <listitem>
888                     <para>
889                         Загрузка шрифта в графическое окружение или получение
890                         загруженного шрифта
891                     </para>
892                 </listitem>
893             </varlistentry>
894         </variablelist>
895     </refsection>
896     <refsection>
897         <title>Сохранение и загрузка</title>
898         <variablelist>
899             <varlistentry>
900                 <term>
901                     <link linkend="xsave">xsave</link>
902                 </term>
903                 <listitem>
904                     <para>Сохранение графиков в файл</para>
905                 </listitem>
906             </varlistentry>
907             <varlistentry>
908                 <term>
909                     <link linkend="xload">xload</link>
910                 </term>
911                 <listitem>
912                     <para>Загрузка сохранённых графиков</para>
913                 </listitem>
914             </varlistentry>
915             <varlistentry>
916                 <term>
917                     <link linkend="xs2bmp">xs2bmp</link>
918                 </term>
919                 <listitem>
920                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат BMP</para>
921                 </listitem>
922             </varlistentry>
923             <varlistentry>
924                 <term>
925                     <link linkend="xs2emf">xs2emf</link>
926                 </term>
927                 <listitem>
928                     <para>
929                         Экспорт графиков в формат EMF
930                         <warning>
931                             Только под Windows.
932                         </warning>
933                     </para>
934                 </listitem>
935             </varlistentry>
936             <varlistentry>
937                 <term>
938                     <link linkend="xs2eps">xs2eps</link>
939                 </term>
940                 <listitem>
941                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат EPS</para>
942                 </listitem>
943             </varlistentry>
944             <varlistentry>
945                 <term>
946                     <link linkend="xs2gif">xs2gif</link>
947                 </term>
948                 <listitem>
949                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат GIF</para>
950                 </listitem>
951             </varlistentry>
952             <varlistentry>
953                 <term>
954                     <link linkend="xs2jpg">xs2jpg</link>
955                 </term>
956                 <listitem>
957                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат JPG</para>
958                 </listitem>
959             </varlistentry>
960             <varlistentry>
961                 <term>
962                     <link linkend="xs2pdf">xs2pdf</link>
963                 </term>
964                 <listitem>
965                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PDFt</para>
966                 </listitem>
967             </varlistentry>
968             <varlistentry>
969                 <term>
970                     <link linkend="xs2png">xs2png</link>
971                 </term>
972                 <listitem>
973                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PNG</para>
974                 </listitem>
975             </varlistentry>
976             <varlistentry>
977                 <term>
978                     <link linkend="xs2ppm">xs2ppm</link>
979                 </term>
980                 <listitem>
981                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PPM</para>
982                 </listitem>
983             </varlistentry>
984             <varlistentry>
985                 <term>
986                     <link linkend="xs2ps">xs2ps</link>
987                 </term>
988                 <listitem>
989                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PS</para>
990                 </listitem>
991             </varlistentry>
992             <varlistentry>
993                 <term>
994                     <link linkend="xs2svg">xs2svg</link>
995                 </term>
996                 <listitem>
997                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат SVG</para>
998                 </listitem>
999             </varlistentry>
1000         </variablelist>
1001     </refsection>
1002     <refsection>
1003         <title>Графические примитивы</title>
1004         <variablelist>
1005             <varlistentry>
1006                 <term>
1007                     <link linkend="clf">clf</link>
1008                 </term>
1009                 <listitem>
1010                     <para>
1011                         Очистка графического окна или сброс в исходные значения
1012                     </para>
1013                 </listitem>
1014             </varlistentry>
1015             <varlistentry>
1016                 <term>
1017                     <link linkend="xclear">xclear</link>
1018                 </term>
1019                 <listitem>
1020                     <para>
1021                         Очистка графического окна
1022                     </para>
1023                 </listitem>
1024             </varlistentry>
1025             <varlistentry>
1026                 <term>
1027                     <link linkend="driver">driver</link>
1028                 </term>
1029                 <listitem>
1030                     <para>
1031                         Выбор графического драйвера
1032                     </para>
1033                 </listitem>
1034             </varlistentry>
1035             <varlistentry>
1036                 <term>
1037                     <link linkend="xinit">xinit</link>
1038                 </term>
1039                 <listitem>
1040                     <para>
1041                         Инициализация графического драйвера
1042                     </para>
1043                 </listitem>
1044             </varlistentry>
1045             <varlistentry>
1046                 <term>
1047                     <link linkend="xend">xend</link>
1048                 </term>
1049                 <listitem>
1050                     <para>
1051                         Закрытие графической сессии
1052                     </para>
1053                 </listitem>
1054             </varlistentry>
1055             <varlistentry>
1056                 <term>
1057                     <link linkend="replot">replot</link>
1058                 </term>
1059                 <listitem>
1060                     <para>
1061                         Перерисовка текущего графического окна с новыми
1062                         пределами
1063                     </para>
1064                 </listitem>
1065             </varlistentry>
1066             <varlistentry>
1067                 <term>
1068                     <link linkend="xpause">xpause</link>
1069                 </term>
1070                 <listitem>
1071                     <para>Приостановка работы Scilab'а</para>
1072                 </listitem>
1073             </varlistentry>
1074             <varlistentry>
1075                 <term>
1076                     <link linkend="show_window">show_window</link>
1077                 </term>
1078                 <listitem>
1079                     <para>
1080                         Подъём текущего графического окна
1081                     </para>
1082                 </listitem>
1083             </varlistentry>
1084             <varlistentry>
1085                 <term>
1086                     <link linkend="xdel">xdel</link>
1087                 </term>
1088                 <listitem>
1089                     <para>Удаление графического окна</para>
1090                 </listitem>
1091             </varlistentry>
1092             <varlistentry>
1093                 <term>
1094                     <link linkend="winsid">winsid</link>
1095                 </term>
1096                 <listitem>
1097                     <para>
1098                         Возврат списка графических окон
1099                     </para>
1100                 </listitem>
1101             </varlistentry>
1102             <varlistentry>
1103                 <term>
1104                     <link linkend="xname">xname</link>
1105                 </term>
1106                 <listitem>
1107                     <para>
1108                         Изменение имени текущего графического окна
1109                     </para>
1110                 </listitem>
1111             </varlistentry>
1112         </variablelist>
1113     </refsection>
1114     <refsection>
1115         <title>Положение курсора мыши</title>
1116         <variablelist>
1117             <varlistentry>
1118                 <term>
1119                     <link linkend="xclick">xclick</link>
1120                 </term>
1121                 <listitem>
1122                     <para>
1123                         Ожидание щелчка мыши или события в графическом окне
1124                     </para>
1125                 </listitem>
1126             </varlistentry>
1127             <varlistentry>
1128                 <term>
1129                     <link linkend="locate">locate</link>
1130                 </term>
1131                 <listitem>
1132                     <para>
1133                         Выбор набора точек мышью
1134                     </para>
1135                 </listitem>
1136             </varlistentry>
1137             <varlistentry>
1138                 <term>
1139                     <link linkend="xgetmouse">xgetmouse</link>
1140                 </term>
1141                 <listitem>
1142                     <para>
1143                         Получение текущего положения и событий мыши
1144                     </para>
1145                 </listitem>
1146             </varlistentry>
1147         </variablelist>
1148     </refsection>
1149     <refsection>
1150         <title>Интерактивный редактор</title>
1151         <variablelist>
1152             <varlistentry>
1153                 <term>
1154                     <link linkend="edit_curv">edit_curv</link>
1155                 </term>
1156                 <listitem>
1157                     <para>Интерактивный редактор кривых на графике</para>
1158                 </listitem>
1159             </varlistentry>
1160         </variablelist>
1161     </refsection>
1162     <refsection>
1163         <title>Графические функции для автоматического контроля</title>
1164         <variablelist>
1165             <varlistentry>
1166                 <term>
1167                     <link linkend="bode">bode</link>
1168                 </term>
1169                 <listitem>
1170                     <para>Диаграмма Боде</para>
1171                     <para>
1172                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1173                     </para>
1174                     <para>
1175                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1176                             h=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01))
1177                             clf();bode(h,0.01,100);
1178                         </scilab:image>
1179                     </para>
1180                 </listitem>
1181             </varlistentry>
1182             <varlistentry>
1183                 <term>
1184                     <link linkend="gainplot">gainplot</link>
1185                 </term>
1186                 <listitem>
1187                     <para>График АЧХ</para>
1188                     <para>
1189                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1190                     </para>
1191                     <para>
1192                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1193                             h1=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01))
1194                             h2=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.1*15.1*s+228.01)/(s^2+2*0.9*15*s+225))
1195                             clf();gainplot([h1;h2],0.01,100,['h1';'h2'])
1196                             title('Gainplot');
1197                         </scilab:image>
1198                     </para>
1199                 </listitem>
1200             </varlistentry>
1201             <varlistentry>
1202                 <term>
1203                     <link linkend="nyquist">nyquist</link>
1204                 </term>
1205                 <listitem>
1206                     <para>Диаграмма Найквиста</para>
1207                     <para>
1208                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1209                     </para>
1210                     <para>
1211                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1212                             h=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01));
1213                             h1=h*syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.1*15.1*s+228.01)/(s^2+2*0.9*15*s+225))
1214                             nyquist(h1)
1215                             ax=gca();
1216                             h_h=ax.children($).children(2);
1217                             tip=datatipCreate(h_h,[1.331,0.684]);
1218                             datatipSetOrientation(tip,"upper left");
1219                         </scilab:image>
1220                     </para>
1221                 </listitem>
1222             </varlistentry>
1223             <varlistentry>
1224                 <term>
1225                     <link linkend="m_circle">m_circle</link>
1226                 </term>
1227                 <listitem>
1228                     <para>
1229                         Построение на комплексной плоскости контуров равного усиления y/(1+y)
1230                         <warning>
1231                             Эта функция устарела.
1232                         </warning>
1233                     </para>
1234                     <para>
1235                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1236                     </para>
1237                     <para>
1238                         <scilab:image>m_circle();</scilab:image>
1239                     </para>
1240                 </listitem>
1241             </varlistentry>
1242             <varlistentry>
1243                 <term>
1244                     <link linkend="hallchart">hallchart</link>
1245                 </term>
1246                 <listitem>
1247                     <para>
1248                         График Холла
1249                     </para>
1250                     <para>
1251                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1252                     </para>
1253                     <para>
1254                         <scilab:image localized="true">hallchart();</scilab:image>
1255                     </para>
1256                 </listitem>
1257             </varlistentry>
1258             <varlistentry>
1259                 <term>
1260                     <link linkend="nicholschart">nicholschart</link>
1261                 </term>
1262                 <listitem>
1263                     <para>Диаграмма Никольса</para>
1264                     <para>
1265                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1266                     </para>
1267                     <para>
1268                         <scilab:image localized="true">nicholschart();</scilab:image>
1269                     </para>
1270                 </listitem>
1271             </varlistentry>
1272             <varlistentry>
1273                 <term>
1274                     <link linkend="black">black</link>
1275                 </term>
1276                 <listitem>
1277                     <para>Диаграмма Блэка</para>
1278                     <para>
1279                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1280                     </para>
1281                     <para>
1282                         <scilab:image localized="true">s=poly(0,'s');
1283                             sl=syslin('c',5*(1+s)/(.1*s^4+s^3+15*s^2+3*s+1))
1284                             clf();black(sl,0.01,10);
1285                         </scilab:image>
1286                     </para>
1287                 </listitem>
1288             </varlistentry>
1289             <varlistentry>
1290                 <term>
1291                     <link linkend="evans">evans</link>
1292                 </term>
1293                 <listitem>
1294                     <para>Корневой годограф Эванса</para>
1295                     <para>
1296                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1297                     </para>
1298                     <para>
1299                         <scilab:image localized="true">evans();</scilab:image>
1300                     </para>
1301                 </listitem>
1302             </varlistentry>
1303             <varlistentry>
1304                 <term>
1305                     <link linkend="sgrid">sgrid</link>
1306                 </term>
1307                 <listitem>
1308                     <para>линии сетки в s-плоскости</para>
1309                     <para>
1310                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1311                     </para>
1312                     <para>
1313                         <scilab:image localized="true">sgrid(0:0.2:1,[0.2 0.6 1 1.7 2])</scilab:image>
1314                     </para>
1315                 </listitem>
1316             </varlistentry>
1317             <varlistentry>
1318                 <term>
1319                     <link linkend="plzr">plzr</link>
1320                 </term>
1321                 <listitem>
1322                     <para>схема размещения полюсов и нулей</para>
1323                     <para>
1324                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1325                     </para>
1326                     <para>
1327                         <scilab:image localized="true">s=poly(0,'s');
1328                             n=[1+s   2+3*s+4*s^2        5; 0        1-s             s];
1329                             d=[1+3*s   5-s^3           s+1;1+s     1+s+s^2      3*s-1];
1330                             h=syslin('c',n./d);
1331                             plzr(h);
1332                         </scilab:image>
1333                     </para>
1334                 </listitem>
1335             </varlistentry>
1336             <varlistentry>
1337                 <term>
1338                     <link linkend="zgrid">zgrid</link>
1339                 </term>
1340                 <listitem>
1341                     <para>линии сетки в z-плоскости</para>
1342                     <para>
1343                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1344                     </para>
1345                     <para>
1346                         <scilab:image localized="true">zgrid();</scilab:image>
1347                     </para>
1348                 </listitem>
1349             </varlistentry>
1350         </variablelist>
1351     </refsection>
1352 </refentry>