Inserted tag <note>. Fixed a typo.
[scilab.git] / scilab / modules / graphics / help / ru_RU / Graphics.xml
1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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13 <refentry xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:db="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:scilab="http://www.scilab.org"  xml:lang="ru" xml:id="Graphics">
14     <refnamediv>
15         <refname>Графики: введение</refname>
16         <refpurpose>обзор библиотеки графиков</refpurpose>
17     </refnamediv>
18     <refsection>
19         <title>2d plotting</title>
20         <variablelist>
21             <varlistentry>
22                 <term>
23                     <link linkend="plot2d">plot2d</link>
24                 </term>
25                 <listitem>
26                     <para>Построение кривой</para>
27                     <para>
28                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
29                     </para>
30                     <para>
31                         <scilab:image>plot2d();</scilab:image>
32                     </para>
33                 </listitem>
34             </varlistentry>
35             <varlistentry>
36                 <term>
37                     <link linkend="plot2d2">plot2d2</link>
38                 </term>
39                 <listitem>
40                     <para>Построение кривой в виде ступенчатой функции</para>
41                     <para>
42                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
43                     </para>
44                     <para>
45                         <scilab:image>plot2d2();</scilab:image>
46                     </para>
47                 </listitem>
48             </varlistentry>
49             <varlistentry>
50                 <term>
51                     <link linkend="plot2d3">plot2d3</link>
52                 </term>
53                 <listitem>
54                     <para>Построение кривой в виде вертикальных полос</para>
55                     <para>
56                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
57                     </para>
58                     <para>
59                         <scilab:image>plot2d3();</scilab:image>
60                     </para>
61                 </listitem>
62             </varlistentry>
63             <varlistentry>
64                 <term>
65                     <link linkend="plot2d4">plot2d4</link>
66                 </term>
67                 <listitem>
68                     <para>Построение кривой со стрелками</para>
69                     <para>
70                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
71                     </para>
72                     <para>
73                         <scilab:image>plot2d4();</scilab:image>
74                     </para>
75                 </listitem>
76             </varlistentry>
77             <varlistentry>
78                 <term>
79                     <link linkend="fplot2d">fplot2d</link>
80                 </term>
81                 <listitem>
82                     <para>Построение кривой, определяемой функцией</para>
83                     <para>
84                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
85                     </para>
86                     <para>
87                         <scilab:image>fplot2d();</scilab:image>
88                     </para>
89                 </listitem>
90             </varlistentry>
91             <varlistentry>
92                 <term>
93                     <link linkend="champ">champ</link>
94                 </term>
95                 <listitem>
96                     <para>Двумерное векторное поле</para>
97                     <para>
98                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
99                     </para>
100                     <para>
101                         <scilab:image>champ();</scilab:image>
102                     </para>
103                 </listitem>
104             </varlistentry>
105             <varlistentry>
106                 <term>
107                     <link linkend="champ1">champ1</link>
108                 </term>
109                 <listitem>
110                     <para>Двумерное векторное поле с цветными стрелками</para>
111                     <para>
112                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
113                     </para>
114                     <para>
115                         <scilab:image>champ1();</scilab:image>
116                     </para>
117                 </listitem>
118             </varlistentry>
119             <varlistentry>
120                 <term>
121                     <link linkend="fchamp">fchamp</link>
122                 </term>
123                 <listitem>
124                     <para>
125                         Поле направлений двумерного ОДУ первого порядка
126                     </para>
127                     <para>
128                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
129                     </para>
130                     <para>
131                         <scilab:image>fchamp();</scilab:image>
132                     </para>
133                 </listitem>
134             </varlistentry>
135             <varlistentry>
136                 <term>
137                     <link linkend="contour2d">contour2d</link>
138                 </term>
139                 <listitem>
140                     <para>
141                         Кривые уровней поверхности на двумерном графике
142                     </para>
143                 </listitem>
144             </varlistentry>
145             <varlistentry>
146                 <term>
147                     <link linkend="fcontour2d">fcontour2d</link>
148                 </term>
149                 <listitem>
150                     <para>
151                         Кривые уровней поверхности, определённой функцией, на
152                         двумерном графике.
153                     </para>
154                     <para>
155                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
156                     </para>
157                     <para>
158                         <scilab:image>fcontour2d();</scilab:image>
159                     </para>
160                 </listitem>
161             </varlistentry>
162             <varlistentry>
163                 <term>
164                     <link linkend="grayplot">grayplot</link>
165                 </term>
166                 <listitem>
167                     <para>
168                         Двумерное построение поверхности с помощью цветов
169                     </para>
170                     <para>
171                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
172                     </para>
173                     <para>
174                         <scilab:image>grayplot();</scilab:image>
175                     </para>
176                 </listitem>
177             </varlistentry>
178             <varlistentry>
179                 <term>
180                     <link linkend="fgrayplot">fgrayplot</link>
181                 </term>
182                 <listitem>
183                     <para>
184                         Двумерное построение поверхности, определённой функцией, с помощью цветов
185                     </para>
186                     <para>
187                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
188                     </para>
189                     <para>
190                         <scilab:image>fgrayplot();</scilab:image>
191                     </para>
192                 </listitem>
193             </varlistentry>
194             <varlistentry>
195                 <term>
196                     <link linkend="Sgrayplot">Sgrayplot</link>
197                 </term>
198                 <listitem>
199                     <para>
200                         Гладкое двумерное построение поверхности с помощью цветов
201                     </para>
202                     <para>
203                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
204                     </para>
205                     <para>
206                         <scilab:image>Sgrayplot();</scilab:image>
207                     </para>
208                 </listitem>
209             </varlistentry>
210             <varlistentry>
211                 <term>
212                     <link linkend="Sfgrayplot">Sfgrayplot</link>
213                 </term>
214                 <listitem>
215                     <para>
216                         Гладкое двумерное построение поверхности, определённой
217                         функцией, с помощью цветов
218                     </para>
219                     <para>
220                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
221                     </para>
222                     <para>
223                         <scilab:image>Sfgrayplot();</scilab:image>
224                     </para>
225                 </listitem>
226             </varlistentry>
227             <varlistentry>
228                 <term>
229                     <link linkend="xgrid">xgrid</link>
230                 </term>
231                 <listitem>
232                     <para>Добавление сетки на двумерный график</para>
233                     <para>
234                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
235                     </para>
236                     <para>
237                         <scilab:image>x=[0:0.1:2*%pi]'; plot2d(sin(x));xgrid(5)</scilab:image>
238                     </para>
239                 </listitem>
240             </varlistentry>
241             <varlistentry>
242                 <term>
243                     <link linkend="errbar">errbar</link>
244                 </term>
245                 <listitem>
246                     <para>Добавление на двумерный график вертикальных полос погрешности</para>
247                     <para>
248                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
249                     </para>
250                     <para>
251                         <scilab:image>errbar();</scilab:image>
252                     </para>
253                 </listitem>
254             </varlistentry>
255             <varlistentry>
256                 <term>
257                     <link linkend="histplot">histplot</link>
258                 </term>
259                 <listitem>
260                     <para>Построение гистограммы</para>
261                     <para>
262                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
263                     </para>
264                     <para>
265                         <scilab:image>histplot();</scilab:image>
266                     </para>
267                 </listitem>
268             </varlistentry>
269             <varlistentry>
270                 <term>
271                     <link linkend="Matplot">Matplot</link>
272                 </term>
273                 <listitem>
274                     <para>Двумерное построение матрицы с помощью цветов</para>
275                     <para>
276                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
277                     </para>
278                     <para>
279                         <scilab:image>Matplot();</scilab:image>
280                     </para>
281                 </listitem>
282             </varlistentry>
283         </variablelist>
284     </refsection>
285     <refsection>
286         <title>3d plotting</title>
287         <variablelist>
288             <varlistentry>
289                 <term>
290                     <link linkend="plot3d">plot3d</link>
291                 </term>
292                 <listitem>
293                     <para>Построение поверхности</para>
294                     <para>
295                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
296                     </para>
297                     <para>
298                         <scilab:image>plot3d();</scilab:image>
299                     </para>
300                 </listitem>
301             </varlistentry>
302             <varlistentry>
303                 <term>
304                     <link linkend="plot3d1">plot3d1</link>
305                 </term>
306                 <listitem>
307                     <para>
308                         Построение поверхности с серыми или цветными линиями уровня
309                     </para>
310                     <para>
311                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
312                     </para>
313                     <para>
314                         <scilab:image>plot3d1();</scilab:image>
315                     </para>
316                 </listitem>
317             </varlistentry>
318             <varlistentry>
319                 <term>
320                     <link linkend="fplot3d">fplot3d</link>
321                 </term>
322                 <listitem>
323                     <para>Построение поверхности, определённой функцией</para>
324                     <para>
325                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
326                     </para>
327                     <para>
328                         <scilab:image>fplot3d();</scilab:image>
329                     </para>
330                 </listitem>
331             </varlistentry>
332             <varlistentry>
333                 <term>
334                     <link linkend="fplot3d1">fplot3d1</link>
335                 </term>
336                 <listitem>
337                     <para>
338                         Построение поверхности, определённой функцией, с серыми
339                         или цветными линиями уровня
340                     </para>
341                     <para>
342                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
343                     </para>
344                     <para>
345                         <scilab:image>fplot3d1();</scilab:image>
346                     </para>
347                 </listitem>
348             </varlistentry>
349             <varlistentry>
350                 <term>
351                     <link linkend="param3d">param3d</link>
352                 </term>
353                 <listitem>
354                     <para>Построение одной кривой</para>
355                     <para>
356                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
357                     </para>
358                     <para>
359                         <scilab:image>param3d();</scilab:image>
360                     </para>
361                 </listitem>
362             </varlistentry>
363             <varlistentry>
364                 <term>
365                     <link linkend="param3d1">param3d1</link>
366                 </term>
367                 <listitem>
368                     <para>Построение кривых</para>
369                     <para>
370                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
371                     </para>
372                     <para>
373                         <scilab:image>param3d1();</scilab:image>
374                     </para>
375                 </listitem>
376             </varlistentry>
377             <varlistentry>
378                 <term>
379                     <link linkend="contour">contour</link>
380                 </term>
381                 <listitem>
382                     <para>Кривые уровней на трёхмерной поверхности</para>
383                     <para>
384                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
385                     </para>
386                     <para>
387                         <scilab:image>contour();</scilab:image>
388                     </para>
389                 </listitem>
390             </varlistentry>
391             <varlistentry>
392                 <term>
393                     <link linkend="fcontour">fcontour</link>
394                 </term>
395                 <listitem>
396                     <para>
397                         Кривые уровней на трёхмерной поверхности, определённой функцией
398                     </para>
399                     <para>
400                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
401                     </para>
402                     <para>
403                         <scilab:image>fcontour();</scilab:image>
404                     </para>
405                 </listitem>
406             </varlistentry>
407             <varlistentry>
408                 <term>
409                     <link linkend="hist3d">hist3d</link>
410                 </term>
411                 <listitem>
412                     <para>
413                         Трёхмерное представление гистограммы
414                     </para>
415                     <para>
416                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
417                     </para>
418                     <para>
419                         <scilab:image>hist3d();</scilab:image>
420                     </para>
421                 </listitem>
422             </varlistentry>
423             <varlistentry>
424                 <term>
425                     <link linkend="genfac3d">genfac3d</link>
426                 </term>
427                 <listitem>
428                     <para>Вычисление фацетов трёхмерной поверхности</para>
429                     <para>
430                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
431                     </para>
432                     <para>
433                         <scilab:image>genfac3d();</scilab:image>
434                     </para>
435                 </listitem>
436             </varlistentry>
437             <varlistentry>
438                 <term>
439                     <link linkend="eval3dp">eval3dp</link>
440                 </term>
441                 <listitem>
442                     <para>Вычисление фацетов трёхмерной поверхности</para>
443                     <para>
444                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
445                     </para>
446                     <para>
447                         <scilab:image>p1=linspace(0,2*%pi,10);
448                             p2=linspace(0,2*%pi,10);
449                             deff("[x,y,z]=scp(p1,p2)",["x=p1.*sin(p1).*cos(p2)";..
450                             "y=p1.*cos(p1).*cos(p2)";..
451                             "z=p1.*sin(p2)"])
452                             [Xf,Yf,Zf]=eval3dp(scp,p1,p2);
453                             plot3d(Xf,Yf,Zf)
454                         </scilab:image>
455                     </para>
456                 </listitem>
457             </varlistentry>
458             <varlistentry>
459                 <term>
460                     <link linkend="geom3d">geom3d</link>
461                 </term>
462                 <listitem>
463                     <para>
464                         Проекция из трёхмерного построения на двумерное после того, как трёхмерное построено
465                     </para>
466                     <para>
467                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
468                     </para>
469                     <para>
470                         <scilab:image>deff("[z]=surface(x,y)","z=sin(x)*cos(y)")
471                             t=%pi*(-10:10)/10;
472                             // 3D plot of the surface
473                             fplot3d(t,t,surface,35,45,"X@Y@Z")
474                             // now (t,t,sin(t).*cos(t)) is a curve on the surface
475                             // which can be drawn using geom3d and xpoly
476                             [x,y]=geom3d(%pi/2,0,surface(%pi/2,0))
477                         </scilab:image>
478                     </para>
479                 </listitem>
480             </varlistentry>
481         </variablelist>
482     </refsection>
483     <refsection>
484         <title>Построение линии и многоугольника</title>
485         <variablelist>
486             <varlistentry>
487                 <term>
488                     <link linkend="xpoly">xpoly</link>
489                 </term>
490                 <listitem>
491                     <para>Рисование ломаной линии или многоугольника</para>
492                 </listitem>
493             </varlistentry>
494             <varlistentry>
495                 <term>
496                     <link linkend="xpolys">xpolys</link>
497                 </term>
498                 <listitem>
499                     <para>
500                         Рисование набора ломаных линий или многоугольников
501                     </para>
502                 </listitem>
503             </varlistentry>
504             <varlistentry>
505                 <term>
506                     <link linkend="xrpoly">xrpoly</link>
507                 </term>
508                 <listitem>
509                     <para>Рисование правильного многоугольника</para>
510                 </listitem>
511             </varlistentry>
512             <varlistentry>
513                 <term>
514                     <link linkend="xsegs">xsegs</link>
515                 </term>
516                 <listitem>
517                     <para>Рисование несоединённых сегментов</para>
518                 </listitem>
519             </varlistentry>
520             <varlistentry>
521                 <term>
522                     <link linkend="xfpoly">xfpoly</link>
523                 </term>
524                 <listitem>
525                     <para>Заливка многоугольника</para>
526                 </listitem>
527             </varlistentry>
528             <varlistentry>
529                 <term>
530                     <link linkend="xfpolys">xfpolys</link>
531                 </term>
532                 <listitem>
533                     <para>Заливка набора многоугольников</para>
534                 </listitem>
535             </varlistentry>
536         </variablelist>
537     </refsection>
538     <refsection>
539         <title>Rectangle plotting</title>
540         <variablelist>
541             <varlistentry>
542                 <term>
543                     <link linkend="xrect">xrect</link>
544                 </term>
545                 <listitem>
546                     <para>Рисование прямоугольника</para>
547                 </listitem>
548             </varlistentry>
549             <varlistentry>
550                 <term>
551                     <link linkend="xfrect">xfrect</link>
552                 </term>
553                 <listitem>
554                     <para>Заливка прямоугольника</para>
555                 </listitem>
556             </varlistentry>
557             <varlistentry>
558                 <term>
559                     <link linkend="xrects">xrects</link>
560                 </term>
561                 <listitem>
562                     <para>Рисование или заливка набора прямоугольников</para>
563                 </listitem>
564             </varlistentry>
565         </variablelist>
566     </refsection>
567     <refsection>
568         <title>Arc plotting</title>
569         <variablelist>
570             <varlistentry>
571                 <term>
572                     <link linkend="xarc">xarc</link>
573                 </term>
574                 <listitem>
575                     <para>Рисование части эллипса</para>
576                 </listitem>
577             </varlistentry>
578             <varlistentry>
579                 <term>
580                     <link linkend="xarcs">xarcs</link>
581                 </term>
582                 <listitem>
583                     <para>Рисование частей набора эллипсов</para>
584                 </listitem>
585             </varlistentry>
586             <varlistentry>
587                 <term>
588                     <link linkend="xfarc">xfarc</link>
589                 </term>
590                 <listitem>
591                     <para>Заливка части эллипса</para>
592                 </listitem>
593             </varlistentry>
594             <varlistentry>
595                 <term>
596                     <link linkend="xfarcs">xfarcs</link>
597                 </term>
598                 <listitem>
599                     <para>Заливка частей набора эллипсов</para>
600                 </listitem>
601             </varlistentry>
602         </variablelist>
603     </refsection>
604     <refsection>
605         <title>Построение стрелок</title>
606         <variablelist>
607             <varlistentry>
608                 <term>
609                     <link linkend="xarrows">xarrows</link>
610                 </term>
611                 <listitem>
612                     <para>Рисование набора стрелок</para>
613                 </listitem>
614             </varlistentry>
615         </variablelist>
616     </refsection>
617     <refsection>
618         <title>Строки</title>
619         <variablelist>
620             <varlistentry>
621                 <term>
622                     <link linkend="xstring">xstring</link>
623                 </term>
624                 <listitem>
625                     <para>Рисование строк</para>
626                 </listitem>
627             </varlistentry>
628             <varlistentry>
629                 <term>
630                     <link linkend="xstringl">xstringl</link>
631                 </term>
632                 <listitem>
633                     <para>Вычисление рамки, которая окружает строки</para>
634                 </listitem>
635             </varlistentry>
636             <varlistentry>
637                 <term>
638                     <link linkend="xstringb">xstringb</link>
639                 </term>
640                 <listitem>
641                     <para>Рисование строк в рамке</para>
642                     <para>
643                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
644                     </para>
645                     <para>
646                         <scilab:image>xstringb();</scilab:image>
647                     </para>
648                 </listitem>
649             </varlistentry>
650             <varlistentry>
651                 <term>
652                     <link linkend="xtitle">xtitle</link>
653                 </term>
654                 <listitem>
655                     <para>Добавление заголовков в графическое окно</para>
656                     <para>
657                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
658                     </para>
659                     <para>
660                         <scilab:image>xtitle();</scilab:image>
661                     </para>
662                 </listitem>
663             </varlistentry>
664             <varlistentry>
665                 <term>
666                     <link linkend="titlepage">titlepage</link>
667                 </term>
668                 <listitem>
669                     <para>
670                         Добавление заголовка в центр графического окна
671                     </para>
672                 </listitem>
673             </varlistentry>
674             <varlistentry>
675                 <term>
676                     <link linkend="xinfo">xinfo</link>
677                 </term>
678                 <listitem>
679                     <para>
680                         Рисование информационной строки в подокне сообщений
681                     </para>
682                 </listitem>
683             </varlistentry>
684         </variablelist>
685     </refsection>
686     <refsection>
687         <title>Рамки и оси</title>
688         <variablelist>
689             <varlistentry>
690                 <term>
691                     <link linkend="drawaxis">drawaxis</link>
692                 </term>
693                 <listitem>
694                     <para>Рисование осей</para>
695                 </listitem>
696             </varlistentry>
697             <varlistentry>
698                 <term>
699                     <link linkend="graduate">graduate</link>
700                 </term>
701                 <listitem>
702                     <para>Структурная градуировка оси</para>
703                 </listitem>
704             </varlistentry>
705             <varlistentry>
706                 <term>
707                     <link linkend="plotframe">plotframe</link>
708                 </term>
709                 <listitem>
710                     <para>
711                         Рисование рамки с масштабированием и сетками
712                         <warning>
713                             Эта функция устарела.
714                         </warning>
715                     </para>
716                 </listitem>
717             </varlistentry>
718         </variablelist>
719     </refsection>
720     <refsection>
721         <title>Преобразования координат</title>
722         <variablelist>
723             <varlistentry>
724                 <term>
725                     <link linkend="isoview">isoview</link>
726                 </term>
727                 <listitem>
728                     <para>
729                         Установка равного масштаба осей графика (не меняет размер окна)
730                         <warning>
731                             Эта функция устарела.
732                         </warning>
733                     </para>
734                 </listitem>
735             </varlistentry>
736             <varlistentry>
737                 <term>
738                     <link linkend="square">square</link>
739                 </term>
740                 <listitem>
741                     <para>
742                         Установка равного масштаба осей графика (меняет размер окна)
743                     </para>
744                 </listitem>
745             </varlistentry>
746             <varlistentry>
747                 <term>
748                     <link linkend="scaling">scaling</link>
749                 </term>
750                 <listitem>
751                     <para>Аффинное преобразование набора точек</para>
752                 </listitem>
753             </varlistentry>
754             <varlistentry>
755                 <term>
756                     <link linkend="rotate">rotate</link>
757                 </term>
758                 <listitem>
759                     <para>Поворот набора точек</para>
760                 </listitem>
761             </varlistentry>
762             <varlistentry>
763                 <term>
764                     <link linkend="xsetech">xsetech</link>
765                 </term>
766                 <listitem>
767                     <para>
768                         Установка подокна в графическом окне для построения графика
769                     </para>
770                 </listitem>
771             </varlistentry>
772             <varlistentry>
773                 <term>
774                     <link linkend="subplot">subplot</link>
775                 </term>
776                 <listitem>
777                     <para>
778                         Деление графического окна на матрицу подокон
779                     </para>
780                 </listitem>
781             </varlistentry>
782             <varlistentry>
783                 <term>
784                     <link linkend="xgetech">xgetech</link>
785                 </term>
786                 <listitem>
787                     <para>Получение масштаба текущего графика</para>
788                 </listitem>
789             </varlistentry>
790             <varlistentry>
791                 <term>
792                     <link linkend="xchange">xchange</link>
793                 </term>
794                 <listitem>
795                     <para>
796                         Преобразование вещественных координат в пиксельные
797                     </para>
798                 </listitem>
799             </varlistentry>
800         </variablelist>
801     </refsection>
802     <refsection>
803         <title>Цвета</title>
804         <variablelist>
805             <varlistentry>
806                 <term>
807                     <link linkend="colormap">colormap</link>
808                 </term>
809                 <listitem>
810                     <para>Использование цветовых карт</para>
811                 </listitem>
812             </varlistentry>
813             <varlistentry>
814                 <term>
815                     <link linkend="getcolor">getcolor</link>
816                 </term>
817                 <listitem>
818                     <para>
819                         Диалог выбора цветов в текущей цветовой карте
820                     </para>
821                 </listitem>
822             </varlistentry>
823             <varlistentry>
824                 <term>
825                     <link linkend="addcolor">addcolor</link>
826                 </term>
827                 <listitem>
828                     <para>
829                         Добавление новых цветов в текущую цветовую карту
830                     </para>
831                 </listitem>
832             </varlistentry>
833             <varlistentry>
834                 <term>
835                     <link linkend="graycolormap">graycolormap</link>
836                 </term>
837                 <listitem>
838                     <para>Линейная серая цветовая карта</para>
839                 </listitem>
840             </varlistentry>
841             <varlistentry>
842                 <term>
843                     <link linkend="hotcolormap">hotcolormap</link>
844                 </term>
845                 <listitem>
846                     <para>Цветовая карта от красного до жёлтого</para>
847                 </listitem>
848             </varlistentry>
849         </variablelist>
850     </refsection>
851     <refsection>
852         <title>Графическое окружение</title>
853         <variablelist>
854             <varlistentry>
855                 <term>
856                     <link linkend="xset">xset</link>
857                 </term>
858                 <listitem>
859                     <para>
860                         Установка значений графического окружения
861                         <warning>
862                             Эта функция устарела.
863                         </warning>
864                     </para>
865                 </listitem>
866             </varlistentry>
867             <varlistentry>
868                 <term>
869                     <link linkend="xget">xget</link>
870                 </term>
871                 <listitem>
872                     <para>
873                         Получение текущих значений графического окружения
874                         <warning>
875                             Эта функция устарела.
876                         </warning>
877                     </para>
878                 </listitem>
879             </varlistentry>
880             <varlistentry>
881                 <term>
882                     <link linkend="xlfont">xlfont</link>
883                 </term>
884                 <listitem>
885                     <para>
886                         Загрузка шрифта в графическое окружение или получение
887                         загруженного шрифта
888                     </para>
889                 </listitem>
890             </varlistentry>
891             <varlistentry>
892                 <term>
893                     <link linkend="getsymbol">getsymbol</link>
894                 </term>
895                 <listitem>
896                     <para>
897                         Диалог выбора символа и его размера
898                         <warning>
899                             Эта функция устарела.
900                         </warning>
901                     </para>
902                 </listitem>
903             </varlistentry>
904         </variablelist>
905     </refsection>
906     <refsection>
907         <title>Сохранение и загрузка</title>
908         <variablelist>
909             <varlistentry>
910                 <term>
911                     <link linkend="xsave">xsave</link>
912                 </term>
913                 <listitem>
914                     <para>Сохранение графиков в файл</para>
915                 </listitem>
916             </varlistentry>
917             <varlistentry>
918                 <term>
919                     <link linkend="xload">xload</link>
920                 </term>
921                 <listitem>
922                     <para>Загрузка сохранённых графиков</para>
923                 </listitem>
924             </varlistentry>
925             <varlistentry>
926                 <term>
927                     <link linkend="xs2bmp">xs2bmp</link>
928                 </term>
929                 <listitem>
930                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат BMP</para>
931                 </listitem>
932             </varlistentry>
933             <varlistentry>
934                 <term>
935                     <link linkend="xs2emf">xs2emf</link>
936                 </term>
937                 <listitem>
938                     <para>
939                         Экспорт графиков в формат EMF
940                         <warning>
941                             Только под Windows.
942                         </warning>
943                     </para>
944                 </listitem>
945             </varlistentry>
946             <varlistentry>
947                 <term>
948                     <link linkend="xs2eps">xs2eps</link>
949                 </term>
950                 <listitem>
951                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат EPS</para>
952                 </listitem>
953             </varlistentry>
954             <varlistentry>
955                 <term>
956                     <link linkend="xs2gif">xs2gif</link>
957                 </term>
958                 <listitem>
959                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат GIF</para>
960                 </listitem>
961             </varlistentry>
962             <varlistentry>
963                 <term>
964                     <link linkend="xs2jpg">xs2jpg</link>
965                 </term>
966                 <listitem>
967                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат JPG</para>
968                 </listitem>
969             </varlistentry>
970             <varlistentry>
971                 <term>
972                     <link linkend="xs2pdf">xs2pdf</link>
973                 </term>
974                 <listitem>
975                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PDFt</para>
976                 </listitem>
977             </varlistentry>
978             <varlistentry>
979                 <term>
980                     <link linkend="xs2png">xs2png</link>
981                 </term>
982                 <listitem>
983                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PNG</para>
984                 </listitem>
985             </varlistentry>
986             <varlistentry>
987                 <term>
988                     <link linkend="xs2ppm">xs2ppm</link>
989                 </term>
990                 <listitem>
991                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PPM</para>
992                 </listitem>
993             </varlistentry>
994             <varlistentry>
995                 <term>
996                     <link linkend="xs2ps">xs2ps</link>
997                 </term>
998                 <listitem>
999                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат PS</para>
1000                 </listitem>
1001             </varlistentry>
1002             <varlistentry>
1003                 <term>
1004                     <link linkend="xs2svg">xs2svg</link>
1005                 </term>
1006                 <listitem>
1007                     <para>Экспорт графиков в формат SVG</para>
1008                 </listitem>
1009             </varlistentry>
1010         </variablelist>
1011     </refsection>
1012     <refsection>
1013         <title>Графические примитивы</title>
1014         <variablelist>
1015             <varlistentry>
1016                 <term>
1017                     <link linkend="clf">clf</link>
1018                 </term>
1019                 <listitem>
1020                     <para>
1021                         Очистка графического окна или сброс в исходные значения
1022                     </para>
1023                 </listitem>
1024             </varlistentry>
1025             <varlistentry>
1026                 <term>
1027                     <link linkend="xclear">xclear</link>
1028                 </term>
1029                 <listitem>
1030                     <para>
1031                         Очистка графического окна
1032                     </para>
1033                 </listitem>
1034             </varlistentry>
1035             <varlistentry>
1036                 <term>
1037                     <link linkend="driver">driver</link>
1038                 </term>
1039                 <listitem>
1040                     <para>
1041                         Выбор графического драйвера
1042                     </para>
1043                 </listitem>
1044             </varlistentry>
1045             <varlistentry>
1046                 <term>
1047                     <link linkend="xinit">xinit</link>
1048                 </term>
1049                 <listitem>
1050                     <para>
1051                         Инициализация графического драйвера
1052                     </para>
1053                 </listitem>
1054             </varlistentry>
1055             <varlistentry>
1056                 <term>
1057                     <link linkend="xend">xend</link>
1058                 </term>
1059                 <listitem>
1060                     <para>
1061                         Закрытие графической сессии
1062                     </para>
1063                 </listitem>
1064             </varlistentry>
1065             <varlistentry>
1066                 <term>
1067                     <link linkend="replot">replot</link>
1068                 </term>
1069                 <listitem>
1070                     <para>
1071                         Перерисовка текущего графического окна с новыми
1072                         пределами
1073                     </para>
1074                 </listitem>
1075             </varlistentry>
1076             <varlistentry>
1077                 <term>
1078                     <link linkend="xpause">xpause</link>
1079                 </term>
1080                 <listitem>
1081                     <para>Приостановка работы Scilab'а</para>
1082                 </listitem>
1083             </varlistentry>
1084             <varlistentry>
1085                 <term>
1086                     <link linkend="show_window">show_window</link>
1087                 </term>
1088                 <listitem>
1089                     <para>
1090                         Подъём текущего графического окна
1091                     </para>
1092                 </listitem>
1093             </varlistentry>
1094             <varlistentry>
1095                 <term>
1096                     <link linkend="xdel">xdel</link>
1097                 </term>
1098                 <listitem>
1099                     <para>Удаление графического окна</para>
1100                 </listitem>
1101             </varlistentry>
1102             <varlistentry>
1103                 <term>
1104                     <link linkend="winsid">winsid</link>
1105                 </term>
1106                 <listitem>
1107                     <para>
1108                         Возврат списка графических окон
1109                     </para>
1110                 </listitem>
1111             </varlistentry>
1112             <varlistentry>
1113                 <term>
1114                     <link linkend="xname">xname</link>
1115                 </term>
1116                 <listitem>
1117                     <para>
1118                         Изменение имени текущего графического окна
1119                     </para>
1120                 </listitem>
1121             </varlistentry>
1122         </variablelist>
1123     </refsection>
1124     <refsection>
1125         <title>Положение курсора мыши</title>
1126         <variablelist>
1127             <varlistentry>
1128                 <term>
1129                     <link linkend="xclick">xclick</link>
1130                 </term>
1131                 <listitem>
1132                     <para>
1133                         Ожидание щелчка мыши или события в графическом окне
1134                     </para>
1135                 </listitem>
1136             </varlistentry>
1137             <varlistentry>
1138                 <term>
1139                     <link linkend="locate">locate</link>
1140                 </term>
1141                 <listitem>
1142                     <para>
1143                         Выбор набора точек мышью
1144                     </para>
1145                 </listitem>
1146             </varlistentry>
1147             <varlistentry>
1148                 <term>
1149                     <link linkend="xgetmouse">xgetmouse</link>
1150                 </term>
1151                 <listitem>
1152                     <para>
1153                         Получение текущего положения и событий мыши
1154                     </para>
1155                 </listitem>
1156             </varlistentry>
1157         </variablelist>
1158     </refsection>
1159     <refsection>
1160         <title>Интерактивный редактор</title>
1161         <variablelist>
1162             <varlistentry>
1163                 <term>
1164                     <link linkend="edit_curv">edit_curv</link>
1165                 </term>
1166                 <listitem>
1167                     <para>Интерактивный редактор кривых на графике</para>
1168                 </listitem>
1169             </varlistentry>
1170         </variablelist>
1171     </refsection>
1172     <refsection>
1173         <title>Графические функции для автоматического контроля</title>
1174         <variablelist>
1175             <varlistentry>
1176                 <term>
1177                     <link linkend="bode">bode</link>
1178                 </term>
1179                 <listitem>
1180                     <para>Диаграмма Боде</para>
1181                     <para>
1182                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1183                     </para>
1184                     <para>
1185                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1186                             h=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01))
1187                             clf();bode(h,0.01,100);
1188                         </scilab:image>
1189                     </para>
1190                 </listitem>
1191             </varlistentry>
1192             <varlistentry>
1193                 <term>
1194                     <link linkend="gainplot">gainplot</link>
1195                 </term>
1196                 <listitem>
1197                     <para>График АЧХ</para>
1198                     <para>
1199                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1200                     </para>
1201                     <para>
1202                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1203                             h1=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01))
1204                             h2=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.1*15.1*s+228.01)/(s^2+2*0.9*15*s+225))
1205                             clf();gainplot([h1;h2],0.01,100,['h1';'h2'])
1206                             title('Gainplot');
1207                         </scilab:image>
1208                     </para>
1209                 </listitem>
1210             </varlistentry>
1211             <varlistentry>
1212                 <term>
1213                     <link linkend="nyquist">nyquist</link>
1214                 </term>
1215                 <listitem>
1216                     <para>Диаграмма Найквиста</para>
1217                     <para>
1218                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1219                     </para>
1220                     <para>
1221                         <scilab:image>s=poly(0,'s')
1222                             h=syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.9*10*s+100)/(s^2+2*0.3*10.1*s+102.01));
1223                             h1=h*syslin('c',(s^2+2*0.1*15.1*s+228.01)/(s^2+2*0.9*15*s+225))
1224                             nyquist(h1)
1225                             ax=gca();
1226                             h_h=ax.children($).children(2);
1227                             tip=datatipCreate(h_h,[1.331,0.684]);
1228                             datatipSetOrientation(tip,"upper left");
1229                         </scilab:image>
1230                     </para>
1231                 </listitem>
1232             </varlistentry>
1233             <varlistentry>
1234                 <term>
1235                     <link linkend="m_circle">m_circle</link>
1236                 </term>
1237                 <listitem>
1238                     <para>
1239                         Построение на комплексной плоскости контуров равного усиления y/(1+y)
1240                         <warning>
1241                             Эта функция устарела.
1242                         </warning>
1243                     </para>
1244                     <para>
1245                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1246                     </para>
1247                     <para>
1248                         <scilab:image>m_circle();</scilab:image>
1249                     </para>
1250                 </listitem>
1251             </varlistentry>
1252             <varlistentry>
1253                 <term>
1254                     <link linkend="hallchart">hallchart</link>
1255                 </term>
1256                 <listitem>
1257                     <para>
1258                         График Холла
1259                     </para>
1260                     <para>
1261                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1262                     </para>
1263                     <para>
1264                         <scilab:image localized="true">hallchart();</scilab:image>
1265                     </para>
1266                 </listitem>
1267             </varlistentry>
1268             <varlistentry>
1269                 <term>
1270                     <link linkend="chart">chart</link>
1271                 </term>
1272                 <listitem>
1273                     <para>Диаграмма Никольса</para>
1274                     <para>
1275                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1276                     </para>
1277                     <para>
1278                         <scilab:image localized="true">chart();</scilab:image>
1279                     </para>
1280                 </listitem>
1281             </varlistentry>
1282             <varlistentry>
1283                 <term>
1284                     <link linkend="black">black</link>
1285                 </term>
1286                 <listitem>
1287                     <para>Диаграмма Блэка</para>
1288                     <para>
1289                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1290                     </para>
1291                     <para>
1292                         <scilab:image localized="true">s=poly(0,'s');
1293                             sl=syslin('c',5*(1+s)/(.1*s^4+s^3+15*s^2+3*s+1))
1294                             clf();black(sl,0.01,10);
1295                         </scilab:image>
1296                     </para>
1297                 </listitem>
1298             </varlistentry>
1299             <varlistentry>
1300                 <term>
1301                     <link linkend="evans">evans</link>
1302                 </term>
1303                 <listitem>
1304                     <para>Корневой годограф Эванса</para>
1305                     <para>
1306                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1307                     </para>
1308                     <para>
1309                         <scilab:image localized="true">evans();</scilab:image>
1310                     </para>
1311                 </listitem>
1312             </varlistentry>
1313             <varlistentry>
1314                 <term>
1315                     <link linkend="sgrid">sgrid</link>
1316                 </term>
1317                 <listitem>
1318                     <para>линии сетки в s-плоскости</para>
1319                     <para>
1320                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1321                     </para>
1322                     <para>
1323                         <scilab:image localized="true">sgrid(0:0.2:1,[0.2 0.6 1 1.7 2])</scilab:image>
1324                     </para>
1325                 </listitem>
1326             </varlistentry>
1327             <varlistentry>
1328                 <term>
1329                     <link linkend="plzr">plzr</link>
1330                 </term>
1331                 <listitem>
1332                     <para>схема размещения полюсов и нулей</para>
1333                     <para>
1334                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1335                     </para>
1336                     <para>
1337                         <scilab:image localized="true">s=poly(0,'s');
1338                             n=[1+s   2+3*s+4*s^2        5; 0        1-s             s];
1339                             d=[1+3*s   5-s^3           s+1;1+s     1+s+s^2      3*s-1];
1340                             h=syslin('c',n./d);
1341                             plzr(h);
1342                         </scilab:image>
1343                     </para>
1344                 </listitem>
1345             </varlistentry>
1346             <varlistentry>
1347                 <term>
1348                     <link linkend="zgrid">zgrid</link>
1349                 </term>
1350                 <listitem>
1351                     <para>линии сетки в z-плоскости</para>
1352                     <para>
1353                         <emphasis role="bold">Пример:</emphasis>
1354                     </para>
1355                     <para>
1356                         <scilab:image localized="true">zgrid();</scilab:image>
1357                     </para>
1358                 </listitem>
1359             </varlistentry>
1360         </variablelist>
1361     </refsection>
1362 </refentry>