atanhhyperbolic tangent inverseSyntaxt = atanh(x)Argumentsxa real or complex vector/matrix.ta real or complex vector/matrix.Description
The components of vector t are the hyperbolic
tangent inverse of the corresponding entries of vector
x. Definition domain is [-1,1] for
the real function (see Remark).
Remark
In Scilab (as in some others numerical software) when you try to
evaluate an elementary mathematical function outside its definition domain
in the real case, then the complex extension is used (with a complex
result). The most famous example being the sqrt function (try
sqrt(-1)!).
This approach has some drawbacks when you
evaluate the function at a singular point which may lead to different
results when the point is considered as real or complex.
For atanh(), this occurs for -1 and
1, because at these points the imaginary part does not
converge and so atanh(1) = +Inf + i NaN while
atanh(1) = +Inf for the real case (as lim x->1
of atanh(x)).
So when you evaluate this function on the vector [1 2]
then like 2 is outside the definition
domain, the complex extension is used for all the vector and you get
atanh(1) = +Inf + i NaN while you get
atanh(1) = +Inf with [1, 0.5] for instance.
ExamplesSee also
tanh
ieee